Philippines

Mayon in Albay

The Philippines is a republic in Southeast Asia. The island nation is located in the western Pacific Ocean, about 100 kilometers east of the Asian mainland. The country consists of 7,107 islands, of which eleven are main islands. The Philippines is a bit smaller than mainland Norway and is located in one of the Earth’s most unstable areas where volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and typhoons often occur. The Philippines is an…

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Geography of the Philippines

The crab cake lives in Southeast Asia

The Philippines encompasses the northern part of the large archipelago of Southeast Asia, and lies north of Indonesia, northeast of Borneo and south of Taiwan. To the west lies the South China Sea and to the east the Philippines (Pacific). The country officially consists of 7,107 islands of which 2787 are named. Of these, 500 are larger than 1 km2, and the 11 largest comprise 93 per cent of the…

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Philippines Arts and Literature

Philippines Arts and Literature

Literature The oldest history of Philippine literature is characterized by the linguistic diversity that once separated the people of the different islands. Prior to the Spanish conquest, literature consisted mainly of poetry, which was recited or sung. The most popular forms were kundiman (love songs), kumentang (oden) and awit (ballads). Of this older literature, only fragments remain today, as it was rarely recorded on the native alphabet. Countryaah: Population and…

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Political System of the Philippines

Political System of the Philippines

Since the independence of the United States in 1946, the Philippines has been a unified state, and in principle democratic, republic. Following the 1987 Constitution, the country has a political system similar to the American one. The executive is led by a president-elect for six years. A president cannot stand for election for a new term. The president heads the government and appoints the ministers. He or she is also…

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Philippines Sightseeing Places

Philippines Landmarks

Best time to go to the Philippines The best time to visit is between December and May, when it’s a little cooler and drier. The whole country is on the road during Christmas and Easter, as well as Holy Week, and you will find it difficult to find transportation or rooms. The most beautiful festivals are between January and May, the rice terraces of Luzon are suitable for March and April and…

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Defense of the Philippines

The Philippines

The Philippines’ defense is primarily used in an internal role, against Abu Sayyaf and other far- reaching Islamist separatist groups in the south. There has been political will to strengthen the navy’s presence in the South China Sea, against the growing pressure from China, but lack of resources has made it unsuccessful. The total strength of the Philippines Armed Forces is 142,350 active personnel, with a reserve of 131,000 (2018,…

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History of the Philippines

Map of the Philippines

The history of the Philippines is limited mainly to the time after the country was colonized by Europeans in the 16th century, as there is little historical source material for knowledge of the time before this. The Philippines was populated from the mainland in the Stone Age. From the 8th century AD, Chinese seafarers visited the islands, but in the 15th century Muslims pushed back the Chinese influence. In the…

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Contemporary History of the Philippines

From Manila, the country's capital and largest city.

The contemporary history of the Philippines is the country’s history after 2000. Philippine party politics presents a fragile and constantly changing image. The parties act as a kind of election engine for prominent politicians, and consist almost exclusively of representatives of the country’s economic elite. The ideological differences are small, the party loyalty small, and drop-offs and changing alliances are common. Parties representing workers and peasants have been too weak…

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Economy and Business in the Philippines

jeepneys

The Philippines is a developing country with a free market economy. However, economic developments have been very uneven. While the Philippines in the 1950s and 1960s was regarded as the most developed country in East and Southeast Asia after Japan, in the first part of the 1990s, the country was considered an industrial backbone. In the 1970s and 1980s, differences between the richest and the poorer increased much faster than…

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Literature of the Philippines

Literature of the Philippines

Very little is preserved from the written Philippine literature (mainly folk poetry) that existed when the Spanish conquered the islands. From the Spanish colonial period poems and novels are available in both Tagalog and Spanish. Francisco Baltazar (better known as Balagtas, 1798-1862) wrote the poet Florante at Laura on the Tagalog in 1838. The great national hero José Rizal (1861-96) is also known for his social novels. One of the…

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