Indian Arts Part 3

Indian Arts 3

Mughal period (1526-1858) Under Emperor Akbar the monumental fortress, palace, mausoleum and garden architecture began, which is characterized by the use of precious building materials (red sandstone, white marble) (1556-1605 buildings in Fatehpur-Sikri, forts in Agra and Lahore, Humayun’s mausoleum in Delhi). It was founded by his successors Jahangir (1605-27; mausoleum Akbars in Sikandra near Agra, mausoleum Itimad-ud-Daulas in Agra), Shah Jahan (1628-59; mausoleum Jahangir near Lahore, pearl mosque and…

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Indian Arts Part 2

Indian Arts 2

Gupta period (320-510) Under the rule of the Gupta, the refinement of the late Kushan style of sculpture around the middle of the fourth century gave birth to “classical” Indian art. In Mathura and Sarnath the design of the Buddha image was achieved with a perfect expression of inner concentration. Soft modeling and balanced proportions also characterize the Hindu works such as B. the representations of the ascetic Shiva or…

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Indian Arts Part 1

Indian Arts 1

Indian art, term for the art of India, which today, after around 200 years of archaeological and art-historical research, is one of the most important complexes of world art. In a broader sense, Indian art is the art that has been created on the Indian subcontinent, especially in today’s states of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka as well as partly in Afghanistan and Nepal in more than four millennia,…

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Jaipur City Center (World Heritage)

Jaipur City Center

Jaipur, Jaipur City, UNESCO World Heritage since 2019, is today’s capital and largest city of the northwest Indian state of Rajasthan. The historic Jaipur was designed according to the guidelines of centuries-old Indian architectural teachings and reflects Hindu, Mughal and contemporary Western ideas of building. The layout of the city center of Jaipur is extraordinary: founded in 1728 as a planned city, it offers an exciting contrast to the predominantly…

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World Heritages in India Part 4

Old City of Ahmadabad

Victorian Gothic and Art Deco ensembles in Mumbai (World Heritage) Victorian Gothic and Art Deco ensembles in Mumbai (World Heritage) Two significant phases of city expansion transformed Mumbai (then still Bombay) in the 19th and 20th centuries from a formerly fortified trading outpost into a globally important trading center. The urban development and modernization of Mumbai over two centuries is reflected in several ensembles of public buildings that arose on…

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World Heritages in India Part 3

Nalanda Mahavihara Archaeological Site

Nalanda Mahavihara Archaeological Site (World Heritage) According to neovideogames, Nalanda is a small town in the east of India. In the Middle Ages, one of the largest scientific sites in the world was located here. Your library had nine million books. Of the Buddhist monastery complex and educational establishment (Mahavihara), which contributed significantly to the spread of Buddhism outside of India, only ruins are preserved today. Nalanda Mahavihara Archaeological Site:…

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World Heritages in India Part 2

Mountain Fortresses of Rajasthan

Rani Ki Vav (Queen’s Stepwell) in Patan, Gujarat (World Heritage) Rani-ki-Vav, the Queen’s stepwell, in Patan, Gujarat sits on the banks of the Saraswati River and was built as a memorial to a king in the 11th century AD. Step wells are a special form of underground water resources and storage systems that have existed since the 3rd millennium BC. Were built on the Indian subcontinent. Over time, they developed…

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World Heritages in India Part 1

Mahabodhi Temple of Bodh Gaya

Red Fort in Delhi (World Heritage) The Red Fort was completed in 1648 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1658) in Shahjahanabad, on the outskirts of Old Delhi. Within the mighty, 2.4 km long walls, there are magnificent palaces, audience halls and gates that illustrate the power and wealth of the Mughals. Fort Salimgarh from 1546 is also part of the world heritage. Red Fort in Delhi: Facts Official title:…

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Mountain Railways in India (World Heritage)

Mountain Railways in India

The Himalaya Mountain Railway opened in 1881. It leads from the tropical plains in New Jalpaiguri to Darjeeling, 2200 m above sea level. People and tea were transported by train. As a result, the low transport costs made Darjeeling tea affordable. The Darjeeling Railway is a masterpiece of 19th century engineering. In 2005 the world heritage was expanded to include the Nilgiri mountain railway and in 2008 the Kalka-Shimla mountain…

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Kutub Minar in Delhi (World Heritage)

Kutub Minar in Delhi

The sand minaret Qutb-un-din-Minar with a height of 72 m was built around 1200 south of Delhi, probably after the victory of the Muslims over the Hindus. In its vicinity are the Qutb or Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque with the 7.2 m high iron column in honor of King Candragupta Vikramaditya and the Alai Darwaza gate. Kutub Minar in Delhi: facts Official title: Kutub Minar with its mosques and tombs in Delhi…

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