Delhi, India

Delhi, India

Delhi [ de ː li], the city in northern India, the south, since 1912 erbauter district New Delhi (New Delhi) , the capital of India ‘s; (2011) 11.0 million residents. The 1,483 km 2 capital territory of Delhi has a total of 16.3 million residents (2011). According to zipcodesexplorer, Delhi is 215 m above sea level on the Yamuna, on the western edge of the Doab, a flat intermediate river…

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Indian Languages and Writings

Indian Languages

Indian languages Indian languages, name for the languages ​​of the Indian subcontinent; they are estimated to be more than 1,500 individual languages. This multitude is divided into 15 main regional languages, most of which have more than 20 million speakers, and a number of smaller languages ​​that are limited to retreat areas in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Bihar as well as some other language groups…

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Indian Theaters

Indian Theaters

Indian theater. The multicultural theater culture of India is one of the oldest and most diverse on earth; Even in the earliest form of Indian theater, poetry, music and singing as well as elements of art dance, shadow play (from which the name of the theater director as »sutradhara«, which means thread holder, may have been taken) and pantomime have combined to form a total work of art. This classical…

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Indian Literature Part 3

Indian Literature 4

The most important older work of the Panjabi literature, which like the Sindhi literature is also one of the literatures of Pakistan, was written in the 17th century. Even the Muslim poets who used Persian (court language of the Mughal rulers) and Arabic (religious poetry) did not consider these vernacular languages ​​to be worthy of literature for a long time. The sufi mystics Shah Abdul Latif (* 1689, † 1752)…

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Indian Literature Part 2

Indian Literature 3

The oldest surviving work in Hindi literature is the heroic epic “Prithiraj-raso” by Cand Bardai (* 1192), reporting on the life of the Rajputs. It formed the starting point for panegyric courtly poetry, which was also promoted by Islamic princes. In addition, numerous works originating from the worship of Krishna appeared in the 15th century, including: that of Vidyapati Thakur (* 1360, † 1450) from Mithila, the Princess Mirabai from…

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New Indian Literature

Indian Literature 2

The Islamic conquest at the end of the 12th century, which marks the beginning of the New Indian era, added the Muslim cultural property to the traditional cultures of Hinduism and Buddhism. The Christian missionaries laid the foundation for Western influences since the 18th century, which consolidated with the spread of the English language. Today this supplements 14 major constitutional languages ​​of India, which also contain more recent literatures such…

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Indian Literature Part 1

Indian Literature 1

Indian literature, collective name for the literature of the Indian subcontinent, which has been developed in more than three millennia and in numerous languages ​​(Indian languages), ranging from the inscriptions of the pre-Aryan Harappa culture to the contemporary literature of India, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Ancient and Middle Indian Literature Vedic, Prakrit, Pali and Sanskrit literature According to politicsezine, the starting point of Indian literature are the holy writings…

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Indian Arts Part 3

Indian Arts 3

Mughal period (1526-1858) Under Emperor Akbar the monumental fortress, palace, mausoleum and garden architecture began, which is characterized by the use of precious building materials (red sandstone, white marble) (1556-1605 buildings in Fatehpur-Sikri, forts in Agra and Lahore, Humayun’s mausoleum in Delhi). It was founded by his successors Jahangir (1605-27; mausoleum Akbars in Sikandra near Agra, mausoleum Itimad-ud-Daulas in Agra), Shah Jahan (1628-59; mausoleum Jahangir near Lahore, pearl mosque and…

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Indian Arts Part 2

Indian Arts 2

Gupta period (320-510) Under the rule of the Gupta, the refinement of the late Kushan style of sculpture around the middle of the fourth century gave birth to “classical” Indian art. In Mathura and Sarnath the design of the Buddha image was achieved with a perfect expression of inner concentration. Soft modeling and balanced proportions also characterize the Hindu works such as B. the representations of the ascetic Shiva or…

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Indian Arts Part 1

Indian Arts 1

Indian art, term for the art of India, which today, after around 200 years of archaeological and art-historical research, is one of the most important complexes of world art. In a broader sense, Indian art is the art that has been created on the Indian subcontinent, especially in today’s states of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka as well as partly in Afghanistan and Nepal in more than four millennia,…

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