India Literature

SANSKRIT LITERATURE

VEDIC LITERATURE The literary languages ​​of India are only twelve, four of the Dravidian family (Deccan, southern India, northern Ceylon) and the others of the Indo-European family of the Indo-Aryan group (central and northern India, Pakistan). While ancient Vedic and Sanskrit literature crystallizes in the classicism of their respective languages, the Prakrites (vulgar languages), literally used in Jain and Buddhist dramas and religious texts, undergo a long process of evolution…

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India Arts: the Gupta and Post Gupta Age

India Arts - the Gupta and Post Gupta Age

The school of Mathura has the function of guide in the subsequent Gupta production, where the aesthetic and iconographic canons of Indian art are fixed. It is now established that the most “classic” sculptures of this school date back to the lower period (second half of the 5th century). Commonly considered Gupta production, actually to be attributed to the post-Gupta era, it is the later group of the Ajanta caves,…

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South Asia

South Asia

South Asia is a region in Asia that covers 4,480,000 km², which is 10 percent of Asia’s area. Parts of Afghanistan are sometimes included. The area is also called the Indian Subcontinent because it is located on its own continental plate separate from the rest of Asia. According to Countryaah.com, the region of South Asia includes the following nations: INDIA PAKISTAN BANGLADESH SRI LANKA BHUTAN MALDIVES Republic of India The…

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Delhi, India

Delhi, India

Delhi [ de ː li], the city in northern India, the south, since 1912 erbauter district New Delhi (New Delhi) , the capital of India ‘s; (2011) 11.0 million residents. The 1,483 km 2 capital territory of Delhi has a total of 16.3 million residents (2011). According to zipcodesexplorer, Delhi is 215 m above sea level on the Yamuna, on the western edge of the Doab, a flat intermediate river…

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Indian Languages and Writings

Indian Languages

Indian languages Indian languages, name for the languages ​​of the Indian subcontinent; they are estimated to be more than 1,500 individual languages. This multitude is divided into 15 main regional languages, most of which have more than 20 million speakers, and a number of smaller languages ​​that are limited to retreat areas in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Bihar as well as some other language groups…

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Indian Theaters

Indian Theaters

Indian theater. The multicultural theater culture of India is one of the oldest and most diverse on earth; Even in the earliest form of Indian theater, poetry, music and singing as well as elements of art dance, shadow play (from which the name of the theater director as »sutradhara«, which means thread holder, may have been taken) and pantomime have combined to form a total work of art. This classical…

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Indian Literature Part 3

Indian Literature 4

The most important older work of the Panjabi literature, which like the Sindhi literature is also one of the literatures of Pakistan, was written in the 17th century. Even the Muslim poets who used Persian (court language of the Mughal rulers) and Arabic (religious poetry) did not consider these vernacular languages ​​to be worthy of literature for a long time. The sufi mystics Shah Abdul Latif (* 1689, † 1752)…

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Indian Literature Part 2

Indian Literature 3

The oldest surviving work in Hindi literature is the heroic epic “Prithiraj-raso” by Cand Bardai (* 1192), reporting on the life of the Rajputs. It formed the starting point for panegyric courtly poetry, which was also promoted by Islamic princes. In addition, numerous works originating from the worship of Krishna appeared in the 15th century, including: that of Vidyapati Thakur (* 1360, † 1450) from Mithila, the Princess Mirabai from…

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New Indian Literature

Indian Literature 2

The Islamic conquest at the end of the 12th century, which marks the beginning of the New Indian era, added the Muslim cultural property to the traditional cultures of Hinduism and Buddhism. The Christian missionaries laid the foundation for Western influences since the 18th century, which consolidated with the spread of the English language. Today this supplements 14 major constitutional languages ​​of India, which also contain more recent literatures such…

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Indian Literature Part 1

Indian Literature 1

Indian literature, collective name for the literature of the Indian subcontinent, which has been developed in more than three millennia and in numerous languages ​​(Indian languages), ranging from the inscriptions of the pre-Aryan Harappa culture to the contemporary literature of India, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Ancient and Middle Indian Literature Vedic, Prakrit, Pali and Sanskrit literature According to politicsezine, the starting point of Indian literature are the holy writings…

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