Arts and Architecture in Georgia

Arts and Architecture in Georgia

Arts Georgian arts and crafts have long traditions. Discoveries of pottery and metal jewelry from around the second millennium BC proves that, and metalwork in particular became very important. From around 300 AD came into the country under Byzantine influence. The art nevertheless shows a number of national features, which distinguish it from neighboring Armenia. In the Middle Ages, fine works were made in silver and enamel, as well as…

Read More

Dance in Georgia

Dance in Georgia

The dance and song helped Georgia hold on to its ancient culture after Tsar Russia incorporated the country in the early 1800s. Folk dances are influenced both from the eastern southeast as well as from the ancient Byzantine Empire in the west. While the women’s dance is calm and fluid, the men’s dance is fast and virile with high jumps and twists. In the latter half of the 19th century,…

Read More

Georgia Arts and Literature

Georgia Arts and Literature

Literature In addition to a rich, oral vernacular, in Georgia early church literature was developed under Byzantine influence; the oldest manuscript is from 864. The advent of a Georgian nation state in the early 12th century brought a cultural boost. During Queen Tamar’s reign (1184-1212), court poetry and the knight novel flourished, and Sjota Rustaveli wrote his heroic poem “The Knight in the Tiger Traps” (not in Swedish translation) which…

Read More

Georgia Sightseeing Places

Georgia Landmarks

Georgia climate There are several climatic zones in Georgia: from a subtropical and humid climate on the Black Sea to a dry continental climate in the eastern part of the country. While subtropical conditions prevail in the coastal region of Georgia in summer, the inland and the south are much drier, the daily maximum temperatures in July are 31 ° C. In the north and at higher altitudes it is…

Read More

Georgia

Georgia

Georgia is a republic in Asia. The country borders west to the Black Sea, north to Russia, south to Turkey and Armenia, and southeast to Azerbaijan. Most of the area is in the southern Caucasus. Georgia has two outbreak republics, Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the north of the country, and the autonomous Republic of Adzaria southwest of the country. In total, these make up about 1/4 of Georgia’s area.…

Read More

Georgia’s Geography

male deer

Georgia is located on the southern side of the Great Caucasus mountain range, and is largely mountainous and has large elevation differences. The Greater Caucasus reaches more than 5000 meters above sea level, including in Sjkhara (5068 meters) and Kasbek (5042 meters). Several passes pass through the mountain range. To the south, at the border with Armenia and Turkey, lies the Little Caucasus with altitudes of 2500-3000 meters. The Suram…

Read More

Georgia’s Political System

Georgia's Political System

Under the 1995 Constitution, Georgia is a Democratic Republic. The Constitution emphasizes Georgia’s territorial integrity, including Abkhazia, Adzaria and South Ossetia (where there have been open conflicts due to demands for the demolition of the central power). The supreme executive power has been with the president since independence. The president is the head of state and is directly elected by the people for a five-year term, with the possibility of…

Read More

Georgia’s Defense

Georgia's Army

Georgia has general military duty from the age of 18, and the initial service is 12 months. In 1994 joined Georgia into NATO program Partnership for Peace, and the country aspire to full membership in the alliance, which Russia sits down sharply opposed. Russia has military forces in Abkhazia, which is under Russian control, and in South Ossetia. The total strength of Georgia’s armed forces is 20,650 active personnel (2018,…

Read More

Georgia History

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral in Mtskheta

In antiquity and the Middle Ages, Georgia was subject to several different kingdoms, including Persia, Greece, the Roman Empire, Parthia and Byzantine (the Austrian Empire), as well as the Arabs and the Bakrate. In the latter part of the 18th century, Georgia came under Russian control, and in 1801 the country was incorporated into the Russian Empire. In 1917, during the Russian Revolution, Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries took power in…

Read More

Georgia’s Contemporary History

Zviad Gamsakhurdia

Georgia’s contemporary history is the country’s history after 1991, when the country became an independent state. In a 1991 referendum, an overwhelming majority of Georgia’s people voted for full independence from the Soviet Union, and on April 9, 1991, the National Assembly declared Georgia independent. Internal conflicts have characterized Georgia after independence. The Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia declared themselves as independent republics in respectively 1991 and 1994.…

Read More