There are several climatic zones in Georgia: from a subtropical and humid climate on the Black Sea to a dry continental climate in the eastern part of the country. While subtropical conditions prevail in the coastal region of Georgia in summer, the inland and the south are much drier, the daily maximum temperatures in July are 31 ° C. In the north and at higher altitudes it is much cooler. Winter covers the whole country with frost, including the warm south. The annual precipitation in the west of the country is relatively high at 3,000 mm, in the east this is only 400 mm.
The short Georgian spring is characterized by sudden weather fluctuations, the summer is often very hot. The sunny autumn is relatively warm. Winter can be uncomfortable across the country, especially due to possible blackouts. However, the Caucasus protects the country from northern cold air waves, so that it rarely gets very cold in Georgia.
Best time to go to Georgia
There is no real high and low season for travel in Georgia. Winter travel is a little more constrained by the snow, so the middle of the year when it’s warm and sunny but not overly hot is a good choice. July and August in many parts of the country uncomfortably hot and humid. However, this is an excellent time for the mountains, where it is sunny and cool. This period is also the main season on the Black Sea.
Major celebrations in Georgia are Independence Day in late May and the Tbilisi Festival in late October.
Currency: 1 lari corresponds to 100 tetri
Currency abbreviation: GEL (ISO code) – ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG
Banknotes worth 5, 10, 20 and 50 lari are used. There are also 1, 2, 100 and 200 lari banknotes, but these are used less frequently. Coins are issued in amounts of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 tetri and 1 and 2 lari.
1 US dollar = 1.7 lari
1 euro = 2.5 lari
1 Swiss franc = 1.6 lari
Georgia is an interesting country that has a lot of different sights and attractions to offer.
So you should not miss a visit to the former capital Mtskheta. In the twelfth century, the city was the center of Christian belief. The Sveti Tscholweli Cathedral is an absolute masterpiece. The cathedral dates from the fifteenth century and is an absolute model for the local architecture of that time.
Also worth seeing are the impressive royal tombs, a magnificent altar with various icons and wonderful carving and stucco work. If you are already in Mzecheta, you should also make a detour to the eleventh century Samtavro Monastery and the Javav Cathedral. The style of the cathedral still influences church building in Georgia today.
You should have seen Gori. The city of Gori is also the birthplace of Stalin. If you spend a few days of your vacation there, you should not miss the Georgskirche and the fortress.
The Uplistike Caves are also worth a visit. The caves were until the fourteenth century. Over time, a lot of shops, a tehater and other public buildings have emerged there.
There is even a wine cellar and a dungeon to visit.
Under no circumstances should you miss the Atenis Sioni Church. The church not only impresses with the fantastic landscape in which it is located, but also has wonderful frescoes and impressive stonework.
A visit to the hot mineral springs Bordzomis is worthwhile for relaxation. There are also some excellent hiking opportunities in the area.
Winter sports enthusiasts are also not neglected in Georgia. The Gudauri ski area has now been expanded into an international winter sports resort.
The medieval Daskij monastery and the nearby waterfall are worth seeing. Excursions to Lake Tabatskuri are recommended for Georgian tourists, especially in summer.
Caucasian Rivera is recommended for bathers. But also in Sukhumi, all tourists will be satisfied. Everything is available here for tourists interested in culture, including bathing holidaymakers. There is also the opportunity for various leisure activities.
Tbilisi in Georgia
The capital of Georgia
The capital of Georgia “Tbilisi” has a very long history that goes back to the fourth century. Due to two facts, Tbilisi has been an interesting place for years. Firstly, the hot, mineral-containing sulfur springs in the Tbilisi area, which cares for the health of the residents. On the other hand, the strategically excellent location of the city.
Over the centuries, Tbilisi was conquered, destroyed and rebuilt several times. The Georgian city has an area of 350 square kilometers, about one million people live in Tbilisi.
Sights in Tbilisi
TV Tower:The Tbilisi television tower is 274 meters high and is located on the top of the Matazminda mountain. The tower can be seen from afar and is the symbol of Tbilisi.
Narikala Fortress: The fortress dates from the fourth century and is in excellent condition. The Georgian kings resided here from the fifth century. In the past, the city reached up to the Kura and was the limit for the city. The fortress walls are accessible. From there you have a wonderful view over the Stat, the mountains of the Caucasus and the course of the Kura.
Tbilisi City Hall:The Georgian town hall is located on Freedom Square in the heart of Tbilisi. The building has a somewhat more unusual color and is streaked green and white. The town hall was built at the end of the nineteenth century by the German architect Peter Stern.
Museum lovers will love Tbilisi as there are a number of museums to discover.
City History Museum: The impressive historical city museum has been housed in an old caravanserai since the 1980s. In the museum, you can learn more about the city’s history from more than 50,000 exhibits.
Simon Janaschia Museum:The museum is the city’s ethnographic and historical national museum. Here you can admire documents and finds from Georgian and Caucasian history. The impressive exhibits date from the Stone Age and extend to the present day.
Other museums in Tbilisi include the State Georgian Museum of Art and the State Museum of Theater, Film and Music.
The fine arts one must not neglect during a vacation in Tbilisi.
Griboedov Theater for Russian Drama: The theater is the best known in the country and was built in 1845.
State Shota Rustaveli Theater: The theater dates from 1921 and is the most important in the city.
State Sachari Paliaschwili Theater for Opera and Ballet: The most famous opera and ballet performances in the country have been taking place here since 1851.
Furthermore, you can marvel at a variety of historical religious buildings in Tbilisi.
Anti-Chati basilica: the church dates from the sixth century and is the oldest in the city. The church, preserved in excellent condition, is also one of the oldest in the country.
Metechi Church: The Metechi Church was built in the thirteenth century and stands on the steep bank of the Kura. While Tbilisi was under the rule of the Soviet Union, the building was used as a theater stage. It was only returned to the Georgian Orthodox Church in 1988.
Other religious buildings in the Georgian city are the Sunni mosque and the Zioni church.
You don’t have to miss green spaces when visiting Tbilisi. Mtazminda mountain has had an impressive city park since the 1930s. Regardless of whether locals or tourists, both groups are happy to visit the park. Its attractions include the cable car and a suspension railway.