Although it is located in the area of the main tropics, the climate in the different regions of Azerbaijan differs considerably due to the relief. While the lowlands are characterized by semi-desert and steppe climates, the protection of the mountains in the coastal areas gives rise to a subtropical climate. The average annual temperature is 13.1 ° C.
Summer temperatures in Baku are usually between 25 °C and 35 ° C, with the capital receiving cooling winds from the Caspian Sea. The winters in the lowlands are cold, but frost is not common. The summer daytime temperatures in the mountains are similar to those of the lowlands, at night it is colder in the mountains than in the lowlands. Winter temperatures in the mountains often drop below 0 ° C.
Best time to go to Azerbaijan
The best time to visit Azerbaijan is between April and October when it is warm and dry in most of the country. July and August are the best months to visit mountain villages like Xinaliq, but the capital Baku can now be unbearably hot (up to 38 ° C) and humid. In winter, the country is much colder and wetter. Snow is rare in Baku, but common in the mountains. The largest national festival (Novruz) culminates on March 21.
National currency: 1 Azerbaijan manat corresponds to 100 qipik
Currency abbreviation: AZN (ISO code), AM – ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG
banknotes are issued in the value of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 manat, coins in amounts of 1, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Qəpik.
1 US dollar = 0.80 manat
1 euro = 1.18 manat
1 Swiss franc = 0.78 manat
Currency exchange: US dollars and euros are particularly easy to exchange. You can change money in banks, exchange offices, in hotels, in some shops (which import goods from abroad and need foreign currency) and at airports.
Cash: New US dollar banknotes should be preferred because older restaurants (before 1992) are not changed by some restaurants, hotels, restaurants and exchange offices.
Credit Cards: Banks, upscale hotels and restaurants in Baku accept credit cards. In general, however, it can be said for Azerbaijan that cash is preferred.
ATMs: in Baku there are several ATMs travelers checks: are hardly accepted in Azerbaijan.
Customs: A customs declaration must be completed when entering and leaving the country. The necessary forms can be obtained either on the plane or at the airport or at the border. are. Foreigners can import unlimited amounts of foreign currency (however, the sum must be declared). When leaving Azerbaijan, the whereabouts of the imported amount must be proven. Exports of foreign exchange are subject to customs duties of 1.5% starting at $ 1,000 (under $ 1,000 free of charge).
Bank opening times: Mon – Fri 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Azerbaijan is an interesting country with a very old history. Tourists especially like to come here because the country has a large number of different sights and attractions to offer.
So you shouldn’t miss the capital of Azerbaijan Baku. The first documentary mention in the second century speaks for the old age of the city. Baku has many historic attractions to offer. Ruins of the fortress walls, several minarets, the bazaar and baths from the 15th century. A highlight of the city’s historical sights is the caravanserai. If you want to get to know the Bakus city park, you have to take a cable car from Primorski Boulevard to reach the park on the hill. From the park you have a wonderful view of the city.
It is also worth visiting the former capital of Azerbaijan. Schumaka is located in the foothills of the Caucasus. The city was founded around the second century. In the past, Schumaka was one of the most important trade centers in the country.
Sheki is also worth a visit. The city of Sheki is located in the Caucasus. According to archaeological finds, the scientists believe that the city was already populated around 2500 BC. In the former trade center there are still some historical bazaars and various caravanserais.
Even if you don’t belong to the Muslim faith, visiting the blue mosque in Baku will certainly be an experience.
Something special is the temple complex of the fire worshipers in Surachany, also called Ateschgiach. The temple complex is a former Persian pilgrimage site that has been converted into a museum. Today Ateschgiach is a wax museum about the rituals of fire worship.
Also worth seeing is the Juma mosque in Shemacha. The mosque dates from the 10th century.
If you spend your vacation in Azerbaijan, you should not miss the Palace of Shirvan in Baku. The medieval building is now the Baku History Museum.
Museum lovers will surely not miss the carpet and art museum in Baku. The museum has a wide collection of valuable Azerbaijani carpets and other knitting work. Some of the exhibits are weaving, embroidery, ceramics, wood and bone carvings or even sculptures.
Visiting the Junfrau Tower in Baku can certainly be interesting. The tower is called Kiz Kulesi by the locals. It dates from the 12th century.
For relaxation, you should visit the Medieval Gadshi Galb Steam Bath in Baku.
Other interesting historical buildings are the castles on the Absheron peninsula. The castles were built by the Shah Schirvan in the 14th century to defend themselves against attacks from the sea. The most interesting castles on the island are the fortress of Ramana, Nardaran and Mardkyany.
The remains of old oil fields can be seen in Ramana on Abheron. The fields were a place of pilgrimage for Indian fire worshipers as early as the 18th century. Even today the dance rituals of the Zoroastirian fire worshipers take place here.
Schumaka has fortress ruins from the tenth century.
As a tourist, you should miss the Royal Mausoleum with the seven domes in Schumaka.
The Summer Palace in Sheki is definitely worth a visit. The building has some valuable frescoes to offer.
Also worth seeing are the fortress ruins of Schemacha from the 16th century.
The Eddi-Gümbes mausoleum in Schemacha should also be added to the list of sights to visit. In the mausoleum with seven domes are the tombs of the Khans of Shirvan.
Other historic buildings in Azerbaijan are the ruins of the Shamil fortress in Sakataly.
The botanical garden in Baku is a must for nature lovers. An absolute highlight for this interest group is the Kobustan nature reserve with prehistoric rock paintings. According to scientific estimates, the paintings are over ten thousand years old. Hunting scenes, animals, ritual dances and religious ceremonies are depicted on the drawings.
The nature reserve at the tip of the Absheron peninsula is also recommended.
Bathing vacationers should not miss the places on the Caspian Sea. There are beautiful beaches and deep blue sea. There is also the possibility of doing various water sports here.