Red Fort in Delhi (World Heritage)
The Red Fort was completed in 1648 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1658) in Shahjahanabad, on the outskirts of Old Delhi. Within the mighty, 2.4 km long walls, there are magnificent palaces, audience halls and gates that illustrate the power and wealth of the Mughals. Fort Salimgarh from 1546 is also part of the world heritage.
Red Fort in Delhi: Facts
|Official title:||Red Fort|
|Cultural monument:||Extensive palace complex of the fifth Grand Mogul of India, Shah Jahan (1592-1666, reign from 1628-1658); built from 1639 to 1648 in the new capital of the Mughal Empire, Shahjahanabad, today’s Delhi; mighty walls made of bright red sandstone with various decorations, palaces made of marble with a multitude of halls for audiences as well as private chambers and a mosque; Connection with the neighboring Salimgarh Palace (built by Shah Suri in 1546) to form a complex; Ground plan as an irregular octagon (circumference approx. 2.5 km) with elongated outer sides in the east and west and two main gates in the west (Lahori) and south (Delhi); in the 19th century after the occupation of India by the British, their military camps; Since 1947 the annual place of the Indian independence commemoration|
|Meaning:||Outstanding testimony to the architecture of the Islamic Mughal Empire with Persian, Hindu, Timurid and Islamic influences; unique and artistic monumental structures and gardens; Pioneer of later public architecture in Rajasthan, Delhi and Agra; architectural embodiment of Indian history|
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai (World Heritage)
The train station in Mumbai, opened in 1888, is an important monument of Victorian neo-Gothic combined with traditional Indian palace architecture. The model for the station building was London’s Saint Pancras Station.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai: Facts
|Official title:||Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai (Bombay)|
|Cultural monument:||Victorian Gothic style train station; built from 1878 to 1888 according to the plans of the British architect FW Stevens, with London’s St. Pancras Station as a model; in addition, numerous elements of Indian palace architecture; Mumbai’s landmark|
|Meaning:||Outstanding example of Victorian Neo-Gothic in India mixed with traditional Indian architecture|
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (World Heritage)
According to militarynous, the Archaeological Park in the Indian state of Gujarat contains prehistoric sites of a largely unexcavated early Hindu city as well as the remains of the capital of the independent sultanate of Gujarat from the 16th century. These include fortifications, palaces, religious buildings, residential complexes and the Kalikamata Temple on Pavadagh Hill. There are extraordinary traces of different cultures that no longer exist.
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park: facts
|Official title:||Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park|
|Cultural monument:||Archaeological park with prehistoric sites from the Copper Age, hill fortress of an early Hindu capital and remains of the capital of the state of Gujarat in the 16th century, fortifications, palaces, religious buildings, residential complexes from the 8th to 14th centuries and Kalikamata temple on the Pavadagh -Hill|
|Location:||About 40 km north of Baroda, Gujarat in northern India|
|Meaning:||Extraordinary evidence of lost cultures|
Bhimbetka Rock Caves (World Heritage)
The world heritage includes around 500 rock caves at the foot of the Vindhya chain. The rock paintings are mostly made in red or white, they go back to the Stone Age and give insights into the world of people at that time.
Bhimbetka Rock Caves: Facts
|Official title:||Bhimbetka rock caves|
|Cultural monument:||About 500 rock caves and overhangs with rock paintings and engravings discovered in 1958, dating back to the Mesolithic; mostly in red and white colors; realistic documentation of the everyday life of the former cave dwellers; numerous similarities with the traditions of today’s residents in the 21 neighboring villages|
|Location:||Bhimbetka, at the foot of the Vindhyan Mountains in the south of the central Indian plateau|
|Meaning:||Largest site of rock art in India|
Mahabodhi Temple of Bodh Gaya (World Heritage)
The 55 m high Mahabodhi Temple of Bodh Gaya is one of the central Buddhist shrines. The temple in Bihar State is closely linked to the life of the Buddha. Here Siddhartha Gautama is said to have experienced his highest enlightenment under the Mahabodhi tree, which has been preserved to this day, and to have become a Buddha. The temple complex goes back to a complex from the 1st to 3rd centuries, which was rebuilt and restored several times – especially in the 14th century.
Mahabodhi Temple of Bodh Gaya: Facts
|Official title:||Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya|
|Cultural monument:||Temple complex from the Gupta period (320 to the end of the 5th century); first buildings made of brick, richly decorated with cult figures and reliefs; around 400,000 visitors annually; According to legend, the place of Buddha’s highest enlightenment under a Mahabodhi tree|
|Meaning:||Exceptional testimony to the development of Indian architecture during the Gupta period|